Cognitive Behavioral Therapies

"Cognitive Behavioral Therapy" refers to a diverse range of techniques used in psychotherapy, but a key idea is helping people to recognize how their feelings are generated by the beliefs and evaluations they automatically make about events. 

    For example, after making a comment in conversation a person can worry that it was foolish or inconsiderate and become stressed and anxious. An "ABC" technique would help the person recognize the Activating event (e.g. making comment), uncover the Beliefs that influence its interpretation (e.g. I said something stupid, everyone thinks I am stupid, I shouldn't have said something so dumb), and understand how a Consequence (e.g. stress, anxiety) is produced by their interpretation of the Activating event in light of their Beliefs. 
    It is natural for people to respond to intense feelings as if they reflected reality. But CBT techniques help people to train themselves to notice, understand, and change the automatic and unconscious reasoning their mind engages in. Developing these skills lets people manage their emotional responses, ensuring that they are realistic and helpful rather than disproportionate to actual events and maladaptive. 

     Here is some content from the Wikipedia article: "The particular therapeutic techniques vary within the different approaches of CBT according to the particular kind of problem issues, but commonly may include keeping a diary of significant events and associated feelings, thoughts and behaviors; questioning and testing cognitions, assumptions, evaluations and beliefs that might be unhelpful and unrealistic; gradually facing activities which may have been avoided; and trying out new ways of behaving and reacting. Relaxation, mindfulness and distraction techniques are also commonly included."
    CBTs emphasize: (1) A person's active role in learning new mental habits to bring about change. (2) Noticing and observing thoughts and feelings. (3) Learning specific sets of mental skills and techniques to adjust thinking. (4) Identifying and solving concrete problems by applying these techniques in particular situations, using repeated practice and even doing "homework" exercises.
    CBTs have been applied to anxiety, stress, depression, substance abuse, insomnia, procrastination, smoking, and overeating. They have been successfully delivered in one-on-one face therapy, groups, phone delivery, online and through computer programs, and even in the form of "bilbiotherapy": reading and completing exercises in a CBT self-help book.

"Dismantling" studies, the keyword for breaking down interventions into their various components and testing them.

Google Scholar search for Online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Pros and cons of online cognitive–behavioural therapy
Effectiveness of a Novel Integrative Online Treatment for Depression (Deprexis): Randomized Controlled Trial

The PHQ9

Online cognitive behavioral therapy and problem-solving therapy for depressive symptoms: Exploring mechanisms of change

Effectiveness of a Novel Integrative Online Treatment for Depression (Deprexis): Randomized Controlled Trial
If you would like to learn more about the aims and directions of ISRII, click here to read a peer-reviewed paper in JMIR written by the executive committee of ISRII:
Ritterband LM, Andersson G, Christensen HM, Carlbring P, Cuijpers P. Directions for the International Society for Research on Internet Interventions (ISRII). J Med Internet Res 2006;8(3):e23.

An ISRII backed paper focused on guidelines for reporting Internet intervention research:
Proudfoot J, Klein B, Barak A, Carlbring P, Cuijpers P, Lange A, Ritterband L, Andersson G. Establishing guidelines for executing and reporting Internet intervention research. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. In Press.

Papers from the 4th ISRII Conference in Amsterdam in 2009:
Theme Issue: E-Mental Health. Guest Editors: H Riper, G Andersson, H Christensen, P Cuijpers, A Lange. JMIR Vol 12, No 5 (2010).